200 Murray Krieger Hall; (949) 824-6521
Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, Department Chair

Faculty / Undergraduate Program / Graduate Program / Courses

Undergraduate Program

The undergraduate program in History is designed to develop critical intelligence and to foster an awareness of ourselves and our world through the study of the past. The Department presents a variety of approaches to history, and each emphasizes basic disciplinary skills: weighing evidence, constructing logical arguments, and exploring the role of theory in historical analysis and human action.

The Department offers a number of lower-division courses open to nonmajors as well as majors, most of which fulfill part of the UCI general education requirement. The Department requires all majors to take an introductory course in three of six regional histories—United States history, European history, Latin American history, Transregional history, Asian history, or Middle East and African history. These courses are also open to nonmajors.

Students who are interested in the study of history but are majoring in other disciplines may minor in History. The minor incorporates elements of the Department's program for majors but allows students enough flexibility to pursue programs in other departments and schools.

Upper-division courses range from the examination of individual nation-states (e.g., Chinese history), to studies of the relations among nation-states (e.g., Emergence of the Modern Middle East), to historical analyses of political, socio-economic, and cultural factors (e.g., Women in the United States). Students are also provided the opportunity for small-group learning experiences in a series of colloquia in social history, political history, international history, intellectual history, social thought, and comparative history. The colloquia are conducted as discussion groups and involve close reading and analysis of secondary texts. The research seminar is a one-quarter seminar in primary materials that culminates in the writing of a research paper. In addition, students have the option of pursuing a full-scale research project with a faculty advisor after completing the research seminar.

The faculty strongly encourages History majors and minors to take advantage of the University's study abroad programs and to experience a different culture for a quarter or longer while making progress toward their UCI degree. Moreover, students who are interested in the history of a particular country or region should seriously consider participation in University of California programs within that country or area. UCI's Study Abroad Center, which includes both the University's Education Abroad Program (UCEAP) and the International Opportunities Program (IOP), assists students in taking advantage of the many worldwide opportunities. See the Study Abroad Center section of the Catalogue or an academic counselor for additional information.


The training and discipline derived from historical studies provide a valuable experience for all educated persons seeking to understand themselves and their world. Many students who complete undergraduate degrees in the Department of History go on to graduate school in a variety of fields, including history, law, business, international relations, and teacher education. Students interested in teaching history at the intermediate and high school levels should consult with the Department of History, the School of Humanities Undergraduate Counseling Office, or the Department of Education.

The study of history is valuable preparation for many other careers as well. The strong academic and professional orientation acquired by History majors is necessary to pursue successful careers in such diverse fields as advertising, banking, journalism, management, public relations, publishing, and government service.

The UCI Career Center provides services to students and alumni including career counseling, information about job opportunities, a career library, and workshops on resume preparation, job search, and interview techniques. See the Career Center section for additional information.


University Requirements: See pages 54-61.

School Requirements: See page 260.

Departmental Requirements for the Major

Thirteen courses are required:

A.   Three courses from History 70A, B, C, D, E, F, chosen from three different regions (Problems in History 70A Asia, 70B Europe, 70C United States, 70D Latin America, 70E Middle East and Africa, 70F Transregional History).

B.   Three upper-division History courses with a regional or thematic focus decided upon in consultation with a faculty advisor, at least one of which is devoted to the period prior to 1800.

C.   Two additional upper-division History courses outside the regional or thematic focus area.

D.   History 100, taken to satisfy upper-division writing, and History 190. (Students have the option of pursuing a full-scale research project in History 192 in consultation with a faculty advisor. History 192 can only be taken after completing History 190).

E.   Three additional lower- or upper-division History courses.

Residence Requirement for the Major: One course from the History 70 series, History 100, History 190, and three upper-division History courses must be completed successfully at UCI. By petition, two of the six may be taken through the UC Education Abroad Program, provided that course content is approved in advance by the Chair of the History Undergraduate Program Committee.

Departmental Requirements for the Minor

Seven courses are required:

A.   A year-long survey in world history (History 21A, 21B, 21C), United States history (History 40A, 40B, 40C), or three courses from History 70A, B, C, D, E, F, chosen from three different regions (Problems in History 70A Asia, 70B Europe, 70C United States, 70D Latin America, 70E Middle East and Africa, 70F Transregional History).

B.   Four upper-division History courses.

Residence Requirement for the Minor: Students who select the History 70 series must complete at least one 70 series course at UCI. At least four upper-division History courses must be completed successfully at UCI. By petition, two of the four may be taken through the UC Education Abroad Program, providing course content is approved in advance by the Chair of the Undergraduate Program Committee.

Graduate Program

The M.A. and Ph.D. degree programs in History are designed to provide students with both advanced historical skills and a rigorous grounding in historical theory. This combination of theoretical study with training in historical method reflects the Department's conviction that scholars should be encouraged to deal with significant questions about the past and to approach these questions in a methodologically sophisticated way. This approach requires that the student develop the critical abilities necessary to deal with primary sources, secondary syntheses, and the interrelationship of history and theory. Candidates for a Ph.D. in History are expected to gain teaching experience as an integral part of their graduate training. Ordinarily this is accomplished through service as a teaching assistant.

Basic to the curriculum is the Department's course in History and Theory which deals with both theoretical texts and historical studies that have utilized theoretical concepts and models. The course directs attention to the diverse implications of modernity, to the groups who dominated and were dominated by it, and to the costs and benefits of the process. These matters can be studied most satisfactorily by the historian whose theoretical self-consciousness and methodological facility have been systematically and carefully developed.

The colloquium, a reading course that examines a field's historiography, enriches the student's knowledge of the main areas of historical research and develops critical reading skills. A colloquium series is offered annually in American history; biennially (depending on demand) in modern European history, early modern European history, Latin American history, South and Southeast Asian history, East Asian history, Chinese history, world history, Middle Eastern and North African history, and ancient history; and occasionally in medieval history. A student may prepare a dissertation in any of these fields.

In addition to the History and Theory sequence and the major field colloquia, students also take a proseminar/research seminar sequence during their first year. The proseminar provides an orientation to the literature on a broad historical subject, and the associated seminar offers guidance in research and writing on problems within this broad area. Students awarded M.A. degrees at other institutions before entering the graduate program at UCI may be exempted from this requirement, subject to evaluation of their M.A. theses.

During the second year of study, Ph.D. students normally take a colloquium series in their second field. They also take a two-quarter research seminar where they have an opportunity to work on problems of their own choosing; students who entered the program with an M.A. degree must also take this seminar. In addition, independent reading and research courses are provided for advanced, specialized study in tutorial form.

The immediate objective for the doctoral student is to develop two fields of competence in addition to History and Theory. Competence in the two fields is demonstrated by the satisfactory completion of three courses in each of these areas. A comprehensive oral examination on the student's major field follows fulfillment of all degree requirements. However, those students who elect a second field administered by another program or department (e.g., Critical Theory, Asian American Studies, Feminist Studies) must complete requirements, which sometimes include a written examination, for that field. Competence in History and Theory is demonstrated by satisfactory completion of History 200A and 200B. History 200C may be taken as an elective.

The subsequent objective, to write a distinctive dissertation, is of crucial importance. To assist in accomplishing both objectives, the Department offers intensive consultation with the faculty as well as a lively intellectual atmosphere. Students have long shared in the decision-making processes of the Department, which engages the entire historical community at UCI in the collective pursuit of excellence. Students profit also from a vigorous visiting speakers program that brings scholars from other campuses and other nations to meet and interact with UCI students and faculty.

Requirements for Admission. Although it is desirable that an applicant have the equivalent of an undergraduate major in History, the Department also considers students who have previously specialized in other subject areas and who show promise of sustained and self-disciplined work in history. Typically, a minimum undergraduate grade point average of 3.3 (B+) is required for admission, with evidence of better work in history. In addition, all applicants are asked to submit three letters of recommendation and scores from the Graduate Record Examination. An example of written work in history from undergraduate courses is also required. A departmental interview may also be required. Students are accepted for admission for fall quarter only, and the deadline for application for fall admission is January 2. The application deadline to be considered for fellowships is December 15.


Program of Study. Each candidate for the M.A. will choose a graduate advisor who will supervise the student's program. Nine courses are required for the degree: three in a colloquium series, a proseminar and related first-year research seminar, a secondary emphasis of two related courses (History and Theory 200A and 200B, or other), and two electives that support preparation for the M.A. exam or thesis. Students who decide to pursue the Ph.D. after completion of the M.A. program need to consider Ph.D. course requirements when selecting courses.

Time Limits. The M.A. requires a minimum of one year in academic residence and can be completed during that term if full-time study is undertaken. However, it is expected that many M.A. students are employed and need to enroll on a part-time basis. Therefore, students are allowed up to three years of graduate study to complete the degree.

Plan I: Thesis. The master's thesis represents a revision of the first-year research paper, equivalent to a scholarly article of 40-50 typescript pages, under the supervision of a professor in the student's major field and reviewed and approved by a three-member thesis committee, at least two of which must be History faculty members.

Plan II: Comprehensive Examination. At the end of the final quarter the M.A. candidate must pass a comprehensive written or oral examination administered by three faculty members covering the student's major field (e.g., America, Early Modern Europe) and focused upon material assigned in the three-quarter colloquium series.

Language Requirement. Students in the M.A. program whose major field requires use of foreign language sources demonstrate competence in a foreign language in the process of writing the first-year research paper and thesis. Other M.A. students do not have to meet a foreign language or alternative skills requirement.


Ph.D. students are advised to begin their graduate work at UCI, since those who have taken the M.A. elsewhere will be expected to enroll in the same courses that are required of all incoming students, with the exception of the First-Year Research Seminar. Subject to evaluation of their M.A. theses, these students will be exempted from this requirement. In the second and third years, the greater experience of those who enter with an M.A. may work to their advantage in speeding them to the qualifying examination.

First-Year Review. To be admitted formally into the doctoral program, students must satisfactorily pass a departmental evaluation at the end of their first year of study; this includes students who entered with an M.A. from another institution.

Emphasis in Creative Nonfiction. In addition to meeting admission requirements, applicants must submit an additional writing sample that demonstrates aptitude for the program. During their program of study, students take three of the writing workshops or their equivalents that are offered through the International Center for Writing and Translation. They also write a dissertation that meets traditional intellectual standards for academic rigor and is accessible to an audience beyond the academy.

Emphasis in the History of Gender and Sexuality. To complete this emphasis, students take three courses emphasizing feminist studies and/or queer theory in three different fields. At least two of these courses must be taken in the History Department; the third course may be either a History Department course or one of the three core graduate seminars offered through the Department of Women's Studies.

Program of Study. The Department requires doctoral students to prepare themselves in three different areas:

1.   History and Theory.

2.   The first field (such as Modern Europe), which is designed as a teaching field as well as the focus of the student's dissertation.

3.   The second field (such as American History or Critical Theory), which is designed as a second teaching field.

The courses required in this preparation include the History and Theory sequence, colloquium series in both fields, First-Year Proseminar/Research Seminar sequence, and the Second-Year Research Seminar. The normal academic load is three courses per quarter. However, students may be eligible for approved part-time status, which allows them to take a lighter course load at reduced fees for a maximum of two academic years.

Every doctoral student will be assisted by a departmental advisor in the student's general area of study who will be responsible for approving defined fields, guiding the student to consultant faculty, and supervising the examination.

Ph.D. students can be awarded an M.A. after fulfilling requirements for residence and one language and successfully completing 36 units, including 28 in required courses. They also take a two-hour oral examination with an advisor.

Language Requirements. All students, except as specified below, must demonstrate a reading knowledge of two foreign languages prior to taking the Ph.D. candidacy qualifying examination. Competency in a language may be established either by passing a departmental examination (proctored in the department office) or through extensive language use in one of the research seminars. The specific languages that may be used to satisfy this requirement depend on the students' first fields, subject to their advisors' approval.

Students may substitute for one of their language requirements a sequence of two graduate courses in an allied discipline or relevant methodology (e.g., critical theory, political theory, cultural anthropology, Asian American studies, feminist theory, art history, linguistics, statistics, quantitative methods), at the discretion of their major field advisors. Students choosing this option are normally expected to write a substantial paper and must demonstrate that the allied discipline or methodology used to fulfill the requirement is of value to historical inquiry. The course(s) taken to satisfy a language requirement may not count toward fulfilling the requirement for the second field.

Qualifying Examination and Dissertation. In preparation for the oral Qualifying Examination, the student will present to the Ph.D. Candidacy Committee a portfolio of three papers totaling at least 45 pages on subjects related to the major field (but not from required colloquia courses). Successful completion of this examination results in the student's advancement to Ph.D. candidacy. The normative time for advancement to candidacy is three years. Within one academic quarter of the oral examination, new candidates must meet in a colloquy with their Doctoral Committee to present their dissertation proposal. Once the Doctoral Committee approves the proposal, the student begins intensive work on the dissertation. The research and writing involved in this effort may require from one to four years. At the end of this period an oral defense of the dissertation, focusing on the adequacy of the student's research and thesis, is normally held.

For students who enter with normal academic preparation and pursue a full-time program of study, the normative time to degree for the Ph.D. is seven years. The maximum time permitted is nine years.

Courses in History

(Schedule of Classes designation: History)



Courses of general interest for all students. No prerequisites. Designed to survey particular fields or themes and to introduce methods and premises of historical study. Many of these courses fulfill part of the UCI general education requirement.

12 Introductory Topics in History (4). Introduces methods and premises of historical study. Topics include introductions to cultural, political, economic, social, and religious history. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (IV)

15 American Ethnic History

15A Native American History (4). Introduction to multiple topics: indigenous religious beliefs and sociopolitical organization, stereotypic "images," intermarriage, the fur trade, Native leaders, warfare, and contemporary issues. (IV, VII)

15C Asian American Histories (4). Examines and compares the diverse experiences of major Asian American groups since the mid-nineteenth century. Topics include origins of emigration; the formation and transformation of community; gender and family life; changing roles of Asian Americans in American society. Same as Asian American Studies 50 and Social Science 78A. (III or IV; VII)

18A Introduction to Jewish Cultures (4). Introduction to the diversity of Jewish cultures from ancient to modern times. Surveys the Jewish experience in various societies and civilizations: ancient Mediterranean, Middle East and North Africa, Europe, and the Americas. (IV, VIII)

21 World History

21A World History: Beginnings to 1650 (4). Treats major themes of world historical development through the mid-seventeenth century, focusing on the Eurasian world, but with secondary emphasis on Africa and the Americas. (IV, VIII)

21B World History: 1650-1870 (4). Examines three major transformations that made the world of 1870 dramatically different from that of 1650: e.g., the scientific revolution, industrialization, and the formation of modern states and nations. (IV, VIII)

21C World History Since 1870 (4). Considers several major currents of modern history: technological change and its social effects; changes in gender relations; totalitarianism; peasant revolutions and the crisis of colonization; international migration; and ecological problems. (IV, VIII)

36 The Formation of Ancient Greek Society. An overview of ancient Greek civilization and its interactions with other cultures of the Mediterranean world. Focuses on major institutions and cultural phenomena as seen through the study of ancient Greek literature, history, archaeology, and religion. Same as Classics 36A, B, C.

36A Early Greece (4). (IV)

36B Late Archaic and Classical Greece (4). (IV)

36C Fourth-Century and Hellenistic Greece (4). (IV)

37 The Formation of Ancient Roman Society. A survey of the principal aspects of Roman civilization from its beginnings to the so-called Fall of the Roman Empire in C.E. 476. Focuses on political history and ideology, social history, literature, art and architecture, and religion. Same as Classics 37A, B, C.

37A Origins to Roman Republic (4). (IV)

37B Roman Empire (4). (IV)

37C The Roman Legacy (4). (IV)

40 The Formation of American Society. An introduction to the social, economic, political, and cultural development of the United States from the fifteenth century to the present. Any one quarter of history 40A, 40B, or 40C satisfies the American History portion of the UC American History and Institutions requirement.

40A The Formation of American Society: 1492-1790 (4). (IV)

40B The Formation of American Society: The Nineteenth Century (4). (IV)

40C The Formation of American Society: The Twentieth Century (4). (IV)

50 Crises and Revolutions (4). Study of turning points in world history, illustrating themes and methods of historical analysis. May be taken for credit three times as topics vary. (IV, VIII)

60 The Making of Modern Science (4). Surveys the history of science and mathematics since the Scientific Revolution, examining central developments both chronologically and thematically, as well as investigating their significance for contemporary philosophical debates about the role and status of current scientific theories. Same as Logic and Philosophy of Science 60. (IV)

70 Problems in History. An introduction to the historical problems, the issues of interpretation, the primary sources, and the historical scholarship of the history of Asia, Europe, the U.S., Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa, as well as transregional history, with an emphasis on developing skills in historical essay-writing. May be repeated for credit as topics vary, but each region may only apply once toward the three required courses from the History 70 series for the History major or minor.

70A Problems in History: Asia (4). (IV, VIII)

70B Problems in History: Europe (4). (IV, VIII)

70C Problems in History: United States (4). (IV)

70D Problems in History: Latin America (4). (IV, VIII)

70E Problems in History: Middle East and Africa (4). (IV, VIII)

70F Problems in History: Transregional History (4). (IV, VIII)



Courses in which students gain experience in analysis, interpretation, and writing.

100 Writing About History (4). Specialized courses focusing on history writing and research skills. Each class reflects the instructor's intellectual interests and is conducted as a discussion group. Limited to 18 students. Several short writing assignments and one longer project meeting the upper-division writing requirement. Prerequisites: History major and satisfactory completion of the lower-division writing requirement. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

101 History of the World Economy (4). Beginning with a discussion of different economic "worlds" of the 1400s, traces the complex processes by which these worlds began to influence each other, ending with the twentieth-century world economy. Topics include imperialism, industrial revolution, migration, slave trade.

102B Topics in Environmental History (4). Explores the many historical interfaces between climate change, modes of production, and culture. Topics include the environmental history of warfare, imperialism, and famine in the nineteenth century and the history of environmental thought.

103 Topics in International Conflicts (4). A study of international conflicts from military, social, economic perspectives with a focus on the preparation for and conduct of war and the consequences. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Formerly History 100A.


105B Later Roman Empire (4). Creation of a bureaucratic empire; rule by gentry and officers; official culture and rise of Christianity; social conflict and political disintegration.


110 Medieval Europe

110A Europe in the Early Middle Ages (4). Survey of Europe between 300 A.D. and 900 A.D. Topics include the breakup of the Roman Empire, barbarian invasions, spread of Christianity, rise of Islam, the Carolingian Empire, and the Vikings.

110B Europe in the Central Middle Ages (4). Survey of European history from ca. 900 to ca. 1300. Topics discussed include the growth of the economy, feudalism, the crusades, the rise of towns, the development of the church, popular heresy, and the rise of large-scale polities.

110C Europe in the Later Middle Ages (4). Survey of European history from ca. 1300 to ca. 1500. Topics include the Black Death, the crisis of the economy, the Hundred Years' War, peasant and urban uprisings, and the Great Schism.

110D Topics in Medieval Europe (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

112 Early Modern Europe

112A Renaissance Europe (4). Survey of the Renaissance in Italy and northern Europe.

112C Europe of the Old Regime (4). Survey of the social, cultural, and political history of Europe from the middle of the seventeenth century to the French Revolution.

112D Topics in Early Modern Europe (4). Theme-based approach to the main social, political, and cultural developments in Europe between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. Topics include Renaissance humanism, Reformation and Counter-Reformation, scientific revolution, court culture and nation building, interactions with non-European peoples, and cities and commerce. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

114 Topics in Modern European History (4). Course content changes with instructor. Topics include the Inquisition; science and religion in modern Europe; sex and society in modern Europe; French revolutions; culture in interwar Europe; the Holocaust; the fall of communism in Eastern Europe. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

115C Europe: Twentieth Century (4). Europe from World War I to the collapse of the U.S.S.R. World War I and its impact on the modern world; rise of an international Communist movement; regimes created by Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin; World War II; the killing of Europe's Jews; Cold War and collapse of communism.

116 Medieval England

116A England in the Early Middle Ages (4). Survey of English history from ca. 400 to ca. 1200. Topics include the Anglo-Saxons, the Viking settlement, the Norman Conquest, the Angevin Empire, and the development of royal, legal, and administrative mechanisms.

116B Later Medieval England (4). Survey of English history between ca. 1200 and ca. 1500. Topics include the Magna Carta, the Barons' War, the Welsh and Scottish wars, the development of Parliament, the Hundred Years' War, and the War of the Roses.

118 Great Britain

118A Modern Britain: 1700 to 1850 (4). Examines the major developments in British politics, socioeconomic structure, and culture from 1700-1850. The development of the British nation-state and the fashioning of a national identity. Explores basic questions about British national identity.

118B Modern Britain: 1850 to 1930 (4). Examines the social, economic, and political history of Britain from 1850-1930. Post-industrialism, urbanization, population and economic change, increased political participation by working classes and women, consolidation of the empire and the breakup of the United Kingdom.

118C Modern Britain: 1930 to Present (4). Explores Britain from the Second World War to the resignation of Margaret Thatcher. Examines Britain's devolution from world power to member of the European Community; transition from a manufacturing to service-based economy; changing demographic and racial composition in light of decolonization.

120 France. Emphasis on social, economic, and cultural history of France since the Great Revolution.

120B The French Revolution: 1774-1815 (4)

120C France in the Nineteenth Century (4)

120D France in the Twentieth Century: 1914 to Present (4)

120E History of Paris (4). The development of Paris from the beginnings through the present, with emphasis on the last three centuries. The city is examined from the political, social, ecological, and architectural points of view as well as through the perspective of urban planning.

122 Germany. Political, social, and economic history from 1815 to the present.

122A Emergence of the German Nation: 1815-1890 (4)

122B Hitler and the Germans (4). Focuses on Hitler's rise to power and Nazi society. Examines Germany's defeat in World War I; the political and cultural experimentation of the 1920s; the causes of Hitler's success; and life in Germany under the Nazis.

122C World War, Cold War, and Reunification: 1939- (4)

123D Topics in Spanish History (4). Topics include Spain in the nineteenth century, the Spanish Civil War, and dictatorship and democracy in modern Spain. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

124 Russia. Political and social developments from traditional Russia to the present Soviet society.

124A Imperial Russia: 1689-1905 (4)

124B Twentieth-Century Russia (4)

126 The World Wars

126A The Era of World War I: 1900-1939 (4)

126B The Era of World War II: 1933-45 (4)

127 European Cultural and Intellectual History. Main currents of Western thought, emphasizing English, French, and German thinkers.

127B Hegel to Nietzsche (4)

127C Freud to Sartre (4)

127D Contemporary European Thought (4)

128 European Women and Gender History

128A Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe: 1400-1700 (4). Explores what it meant to be a woman in early modern Europe. Students examine women's lives in early modern Europe while developing skills of historical interpretation. Topics include: notions of masculinity and femininity; "proto-feminism"; marriage and sexuality; female piety and witchcraft.

128C Topics in the History of Women in Europe (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.


130 Jewish History

130A Jewish History, Ancient to Early Modern Times (4). The history of the Jewish people from their origins in the ancient world to the 1700s. Social, religious, and intellectual life of Jewish communities in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe.

130B Modern Jewish History (4). History of the Jews in Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, and the United States from the early-eighteenth century to recent times. Emancipation, assimilation, religious reform, antisemitism, Zionism, socialism, the Holocaust, and modern Israel are the major themes.

130C Topics in Jewish History (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

131 Iran

131A History of Zoroastrianism (4). Reviews major trends in the history of ancient Iranian religions or those religions which ancient Iranian beliefs and views have influenced, such as Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, and Mithraism.

131B Ancient Persia (4). A survey of the history of Persia in antiquity.

131C Medieval Persia (4). A survey of Persian history in the context of Late Antique and Medieval Islamic history.

131D Modern Iran (4). Covers the history of Iran from the end of the Safavid Empire in the eighteenth century to the present.

131E Topics in Iranian History (4). Topics include the cultural, political, intellectual, social, and/or economic histories of Iran. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

132A Israel and Palestine (4). Origins of Zionism in the nineteenth century, Arab-Jewish conflicts in Palestine, emergence of Palestinian nationalism, the formation of the Israeli nation after 1948, and the development of the Palestinian movement. Focus on Palestinian and Israeli society and culture. Formerly History 132.

132B The Emergence of the Modern Middle East (4). Offers a survey of the history of the Middle East from the nineteenth century to the present time. Formerly History 133A.

132G Topics in Islamic History (4). Examines the evolution of Islam as a religion within the social, political, and economic histories of various Muslim societies throughout its 14 centuries. Introduction to major concepts, practices, and texts of Islam, and key historical events associated with them. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Formerly History 131.

132H Topics in Middle Eastern History (4). Topics include the cultural, political, intellectual, social, and/or economic histories of one or many regions of the Middle East. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

134 Africa

134A Africa: Societies and Cultures (4). Introduction to the variety of cultures, political organizations, social structures, and artistic expressions created by Africans over a broad time span. The indigenous development of African societies in distinct regions of the continent. Issues, themes, processes for understanding history of Africa.

134B Modern Africa (4). Explores the last 200 years of history in Africa, from the end of the Atlantic slave trade through colonization to independence.

134C Topics in the History of Africa (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

134D Topics in South African History (4). Introduction to important historical events and processes in Southern Africa. Focuses on particular themes and explores how those themes change over time. Topics include: changing ideas about race, the development of class structures, identity formation, the role of gender.

134E History of the African Diaspora (4). Examines the causes and consequences of the multiple diasporas of African peoples since the sixteenth century in the Atlantic world, especially the Americas and Europe. Same as African American Studies 137.


135 History of Science

135B Navigation (4). Explores the basics of oceanography, the evolution of ships and sailing in the ancient Mediterranean world, the North Atlantic, Polynesia, the South China Sea, the Arab Indian Ocean, the global oceanic world, and the discovery of celestial and terrestrial navigation.

135D History of Cartography (4). Examines how technology has assisted in creating visual representations of place, space, and time beginning in ancient Babylonia to the present day.

135E Topics in the History of Science and Technology (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

135F History of Technology (4). Explores the historical and contemporary products and processes that have improved and abused the forces of nature. Examines the earliest technicians, the transmission of technological ideas and practices, and the relationship between society and technological change.

135G Language Origins: Evolution, Genetics, and the Brain (4). Examines how human language(s) may have originated. Studies pertinent techniques (reconstruction) and addresses related questions, including Is our language faculty inborn (i.e., genetically encoded)? Can brain imaging and population genetics research help to unlock this mystery of human evolution? Same as Global Cultures 105, Anthropology 152A, and Linguistics 175.


136 History of Medicine and Health Care

136B Race and Medicine (4). Examines racial politics in the development of American medicine from 1870 to present. Racial subordination and the American Medical Association, discrimination in medical education and black medical schools, the National Medical Association, black doctors and war, health care inequities and AIDS.

136D Topics in the History of Medicine and Health Care (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

136E History of Epidemics and Infectious Disease (4). Examines how epidemics tax political, economic, and spiritual resources and challenge prevailing medical theories and practices. Looks at how society has responded to epidemics and disease throughout history, beginning in antiquity and ending in the present.

139 History and Prose Composition (4). Requires at least 4,000 words of assigned composition based upon historical works. History majors are given admission priority. Prerequisites: satisfaction of the lower-division writing requirement; junior standing or consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.


140 The Development of the American Nation. Growth of a distinctively American society out of the colonial heritage, with emphasis on social and economic bases of culture and politics, sectionalism, industrialization, and the United States as a world power.

140A Early America: 1492-1740 (4). Examines the history of the land that became the first 13 states of the United States, from early attempts at exploration and discovery to the economic growth and demographic heterogeneity that marked the white settlements of the early 1700s.

140B Revolutionary America: 1740-1790 (4). An exploration of why 13 continental colonies, whose commercial and cultural connections with Britain far exceed their interaction with one another, resisted imperial reform after 1763 to the point of war in 1775 and independence the following year.

140F The United States in the 1890s (4). A social, cultural, political history of U.S. in 1890s. Topics include racial politics of Jim Crow; Spanish-American War and conquest of the Philippines; "New Women" and gendering of modern culture; rise of cities, urban reform, labor resistance to new capitalist order.

142 American Social and Economic History

142A California in Modern America (4). California as a case study of national trends and as a unique setting: its specific problems and culture. Major themes include: colonization, immigration, race relations, agricultural development, industrialization, urbanization, working class movements, social conflict, and political reform.

142B Topics in American Social and Economic History (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

144 American Intellectual and Cultural History

144A Early American Cultural and Intellectual History (4). Examination of ideas and culture during the early American period, with emphasis on the relationship of ideas to their social, political contexts. From contact to Puritanism to the Revolutionary era, with attention to constructions of class, race, gender.

144F Utopian Experiments in American History (4). Focus on the cooperative dimension of the American experience; the large number of intentional experiments in community living and alternative lifestyles in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Examination of both the ideological foundations of communitarianism and specific historical case studies.

144G Topics in American Cultural and Intellectual History (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

146 Women and Gender Relations in the United States. An examination of changes in gender relations and in the conditions of women's lives from the 1700s on. Emphasis on race and class, cultural images of women and men, sexuality, economic power, and political and legal status.

146D Sex in the U.S. to 1860 (4). Perspectives on sexual behavior in colonial and U.S. history to c. 1860. Mainstream and non-mainstream sexual practices, beliefs, identities. Asks why various ideas of sexual behavior developed and how they related to religious, racial, ethnic, political, cultural belief systems.

146E Gender in Nineteenth-Century America (4). A social and cultural history of women's lives in nineteenth-century America, examining how racial, sexual, class identities were constructed by women themselves and by their surrounding culture. Topics include slavery, anti-slavery movement, domesticity, experience of the Civil War.

146H Topics in Women and Gender Relations in the United States (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

148B Topics in Multicultural U.S. History (4). Examines the variety of cultural expressions through which the people who came to inhabit the United States historically signify their collective identities. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

150 Topics in African American History (4). May be taken twice for credit as topics vary. Same as African American Studies 138.

150C New World Slave Societies (4). Examines the origins, development, operation, and end of slave societies in the Americas, including the pattern and forms of slave resistance. Focuses primarily upon the U.S., the Caribbean (Hispanic and non-Hispanic), and Brazil. Same as African American Studies 132A.

151 Chicana/Chicano History

151A Chicana/Chicano History: Pre-Colonial to 1900 (4). Examines social history of the southwest region from antiquity to 1900. Discusses major questions, theory and research methods pertinent to Chicanas/Chicanos. Themes include: indigenous empires, conquest, colonialism, social stratification, ideology, marriage, sexuality, industrial capitalism, accommodation and resistance. Same as Chicano/Latino Studies 132A.

151B Chicana/Chicano History: Twentieth Century (4). Examines social history of the Southwest with emphasis on Mexican-origin people. Discusses major questions, theory and research methods pertinent to Chicana/Chicano history. Themes explored include: immigration, xenophobia, class struggle, leadership, generational cohorts, unionization, education, barrioization, ethnicity, patriarchy, sexuality. Same as Chicano/Latino Studies 132B.

151C Latinas in the Twentieth Century U.S. (4). Latinas in the U.S. from 1900 to present, offering a diversity of their cultures, regional histories, sexualities, generations, and classes. Same as Chicano/Latino Studies 135.

152 Topics in Asian-American History (4). Introduction to important themes in the history of people of Asian ancestry in the United States from the nineteenth century to the present. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

152A Asian American Labor (4). Explores history of Asian Americans and work from the nineteenth century to the present. Areas of study include migration, colonialism, family, social organization, and work culture. Same as Asian American Studies 137.

152B Asian American and African American Relations (4). Addresses relationships of Asian American and African American communities in the United States. Topics include race, class, gender, labor, economic systems, political mobilization, community, civil rights, activism, cultural expression. Same as Asian American Studies 167 and African American Studies 117.

153 American Legal History (4). Introduction to American legal case materials, to legal categories and ways of thinking, and to selected topics in U.S. legal history. Does not offer a chronological survey of the development of law in the United States.

158A U.S. as a Global Power (4). Examines post-World War II cultural, economic, and strategic patterns that have shaped U.S. relations with the world. Presents diverse perspectives on issues such as nationalism, anticommunism, secrecy and covert action, economic influences, the media's role, and race, gender, and class-related stratifications.


161 Mexico

161A Indian and Colonial Societies in Mexico (4). Examines the history of Colonial Mexico from prehistoric times to the eighteenth century. Focuses on the social, economic, and political evolution of the new Mexican society which resulted from the "meeting" of two cultures.

161C Twentieth-Century Mexico (4). Examines the history of contemporary Mexico beginning with the Mexican Revolution and concluding with the present administration. Social, economic, and political effects of the Revolution; formation of a "one-party democracy"; economic transformation of the nation; the present crisis. Same as Chicano/Latino Studies 133B.

162 Topics in Brazilian History (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

163 The World of Coffee (4). History of consumption and production of coffee over the centuries and coffee's cultural, economic, social, political consequences. Coffee's social life as a drug, symbol of hospitality, religious rite, sociability and bourgeois lifestyle, commodity, and source of livelihoods, imperial revenues, corporate profits.

164A Caribbean History: Colonization to Emancipation (4). Exploration of the history of the archipelago from pre-Columbian times to the end of slavery; examining the impact of European colonization, decimation of the indigenous populations, African slavery, resistance, and emancipation; the unity and diversity of experience in region. Same as African American Studies 134A.

164B Caribbean History: Emancipation to Independence (4). Post-emancipation and anti-colonial struggles ending with political independence for most of the region. Examines social, political, economic, cultural dimensions of post-emancipation period, including large-scale migration to Central America, the U.S., and Britain; the region's global cultural and political contribution. Same as African American Studies 134B.

165 Race and Empire in Colonial Latin America (4). Explores how native people of Latin America with enslaved and free Africans incorporated and defied Spanish and Portuguese colonization. Focuses on religious adaptions, resistance movements, legal systems, and the emergence of multicultural communities to explain how race shaped European empires.

166 U.S. Intervention in Latin America (4). Explores the political, economic, social, and cultural ties that bind Latin America to the United States. Focuses on U.S. intervention and Latin American response from early nineteenth century to present day. Case studies include Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Chile, and Central America. Same as International Studies 177D, Chicano/Latino Studies 150, and Social Science 123A.

166B Revolution and Reaction in Cold War Latin America (4). Explores Latin American experiences of revolutionary change and military dictatorship during the Cold War (1945-1990). Pays particular attention to the lives of women, peasants, workers, and the urban middle classes. Case studies include Guatemala, Cuba, Chile, Argentina, Nicaragua, and Mexico. Same as International Studies 177G.

169 Topics in Latin American History (4). May be repeated for credit as topics vary.


170 East Asia: Traditions and Transformations

170D Premodern East Asia (4). Introduction to the histories of China, Korea, and Japan from the earliest states to about 1600. Topics include: state formation and dissolution; the role of ideology and how it changes; religious beliefs and values; agriculture, commerce, and industry; changing family relations.

170E East Asia: 1600-1895 (4). Introduction to China, Korea, and Japan from about 1600 to 1895. Establishment of Qing Chinese, late Choson Korean, and Tokugawa Japanese sociopolitical orders and their characteristics, plus major cultural developments. Responses to Western impact and the rise of Meiji Japan.

170F East Asia Since 1895 (4). Introduction to the turbulent modern histories of China, Korea, and Japan since 1895. An overarching concern is to understand the evolution of modern East Asia and its place for humankind's future.

170G Topics in the History of Asia (4). Topics include the cultural, political, economic, social, intellectual, and religious history of Asia. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

171 China

171D Chinese History to 1800 (4). A survey of the history of China to 1800.

171E Chinese History: 1800-1949 (4). An examination of Chinese society and thought from the late-eighteenth century to the 1949 revolution. Focuses on the role of intellectuals; popular culture; women in Chinese society; developments in commerce and urban life; rebellion; foreign imperialism.

171G Topics in the History of China (4). Topics include the cultural, political, economic, social, intellectual, and religious history of China. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

172 Japan

172D Age of the Samurai (4). Topics include the simultaneous elaboration of a civilian aristocratic tradition and the military ethos, the conflict between martial and economic values in the context of an expanding economy, and the development of Japan's indigenous religions, art, and literature.

172E Imperial Japan (4). Topics in the rise of modern Japan include the relationship between centralization and imperialism, democracy and fascism, industrialization and feminism in the context of the complex and competing forces that shaped Japan's experience in the modern world.

172F Postwar Japan (4). From the ashes of defeat to economic superpower, from poverty to material consumerism, from the ethic of diligence and fortitude to hedonism. Addresses what these changes have meant for ordinary people, as well as government policy and Japan's international position.

172G Topics in the History of Japan (4). Topics include the cultural, political, economic, social, intellectual, and religious history of Japan. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

173 Korea

173D Korean History to 1800 (4). A general survey of the history of Korea to 1800. Focuses on internal sociopolitical development, major cultural trends, and foreign relations. Students are introduced to various interpretive approaches in the historiography.

173E Korean History: 1800-1945 (4). An examination of Korean society and culture in tumultuous transition, focusing on some new challenges for the Choson Dynasty and its abortive reform effort, external imperialist pressures, and the Japanese colonial rule.

173F Korean History Since 1945 (4). Topics include the national liberation, origins of conflict between two rival regimes, South Korea's emergence as a major player in the international political economy, some salient characteristics of the North Korean Marxist state, triumph of democracy, and prospect for reunification.

173G Topics in the History of Korea (4). Topics include the cultural, political, economic, social, intellectual, and religious history of Korea. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.


174G Topics in the History of South Asia (4). Topics include the cultural, political, economic, social, intellectual, and religious history of South Asia. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

175G Topics in the History of Southeast Asia (4). Topics include the cultural, political, economic, social, intellectual, and religious history of Southeast Asia. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.


Topics with particular methodological foci. Content varies; departmental office has quarterly list of topics. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

180 Special Studies in Social History (4)

181 Special Studies in Economic History (4)

182 Special Studies in Intellectual-Cultural History (4)

183 Special Studies in International History (4)

184 Special Studies in Comparative History (4)

185 Special Studies in Social Theory (4)


190 Colloquium (4). Specialized courses dealing primarily with close reading and analysis of primary and secondary works; required reports and papers. Each colloquium reflects the instructor's intellectual interests and is conducted as a discussion group. Limited to 18 students. Prerequisites: History 100, upper-division standing, and History major. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

192 Research Seminar (4). Specialized courses that require analysis of a historical problem through research in primary sources and the preparation of an original research paper. Prerequisites: History 100 and 190, upper-division standing, and History major. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

198 Directed Group Study (4). Special topics through directed reading. Paper required. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

199 Independent Reading (1 to 4). Investigation of special topics through directed reading. Paper required. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.


In addition to the following courses, graduate students in History might find Humanities 220 (Literary Theory and Its History) and Humanities 270 (Advanced Critical Theory) to be of interest.


200A, B, C History and Theory (4, 4, 4) F, W, S. Introduction to role of theory in historical writing, focusing on several major theorists, their relation to their setting, the structure of their thought, and its application to significant historical issues. Completion of History 200A and 200B is required for all History Ph.D. students. History 200C is optional. Same as Humanities 200A, B, C.

202 Proseminar (4). Topical courses devoted to the literature of a broad historical subject, e.g., the absolutist state, the French Revolution, comparative industrialization, women's history. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

203 First-Year Research Seminar (4). Course devoted to research and writing on questions connected with proseminar topics. Normally required of all entering graduate students. Includes review of the current state of the literature and practical experience in conducting research and writing a research paper. Prerequisite: History 202.

204A-B Second-Year Research Seminar (4-4). Two-quarter sequence required of all Ph.D. students. Normally taken during the second year of the Ph.D. program; not required for M.A. students. Includes review of the current state of the literature and practical experience in conducting research and writing a research paper.

220 The Literature and Interpretations of Early-Modern Europe. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Not offered every year.

220A Society and Economy (4)

220B Political History (4)

220C Intellectual and Cultural History (4)

230 The Literature and Interpretations of Modern European History. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Not offered every year.

230A Europe: 1789-1848 (4)

230B Europe: 1850-1914 (4)

230C Europe: 1914-1989 (4)

240 The Literature and Interpretations of World History. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Not offered every year.

240A Approaches to World History (4)

240B Topics in World History (4)

240C Advanced Research in World History (4)

250 The Literature and Interpretations of Latin American History. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Not offered every year.

250A Colonial Period (4)

250B Nineteenth Century (4)

250C Twentieth Century (4)

260 The Literature and Interpretations of American History. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

260A Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (4)

260B Nineteenth Century (4)

260C Twentieth Century (4)

273 Research Methods in Chinese History (4). Introduces major tools for research in Qing and twentieth-century Chinese history as well as an introduction to research tools for earlier periods. Not offered every year.

274 Seminar in Chinese History. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

274A Chinese History: 1100-1750 (4)

274B Chinese History: 1600-1937 (4)

274C Chinese History: 1850-Present (4)

275 The Literature and Interpretations of Middle Eastern and North African History. Not offered every year.

275A Approaches to Islam in the Middle East/Maghrib (4)

275B Ottoman and Modern Middle East (4)

275C The Maghrib Since 1500 (4)

280 Literatures and Interpretations of East Asian History. Not offered every year.

280A China (4)

280B Japan (4)

280C Korea (4)

284A Seminar in French History (4) F. The development of French society and culture from the Old Regime to the present. May be used to fulfill the First-Year Research Seminar requirement. Not offered every year.


290 Special Topics (4) F, W, S. Lectures, readings, and discussion on subjects more limited in scope than those included in the year-long colloquium series. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

291 Directed Reading (4 to 12) F, W, S. Reading courses focused on specialized topics. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

295 Special Methods (4). Development of particular research skills.

298 Experimental Group Study (4). Open to four or more students. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

299 Dissertation Research (4 to 12) F, W, S. Specifically designed for students researching and writing their dissertations. Prerequisite: consent of instructor; advancement to Ph.D. candidacy.

399 University Teaching (4) F, W, S. Limited to Teaching Assistants. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. May be repeated for credit.